Surrounded by mountains, Mongolia is the world’s most sparsely populated country, with a population of 3 million people spread over an area the size of Queensland. Winter can see temperatures drop to minus 40 degrees Celsius, but summer can be quite hot.
Mongolia is a democracy with one of the fastest growing economies in the world, thanks to a strong mining sector. The poverty rate is decreasing rapidly, but one quarter of people are still living below the poverty line.
Australia’s aid program aims to build human resource capacity in the public and private sectors, and support an open and well-managed economy.