Made up of thousands of islands, Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world, covering an area almost the size of Australia. With a population of around 250 million, it is the world’s third largest democracy and home to the world’s largest Muslim population.
Although Indonesia has experienced steady economic growth in recent years, at least 100 million people continue to live on $2 or less per day. Regional disparities in development progress remain a significant challenge, particularly in eastern Indonesia.
Indonesia is one of Australia’s most important bilateral partners and the two countries share an extensive framework of cooperation spanning political, economic, security, development, education and people-to-people links.